Summary Of Colombian Peace Agreement

The UN Security Council highlighted the important role played by third countries during the peace process in Colombia in its resolution A/RES/2261. According to Juan Manuel Santos, the peace process would not have been fruitful without the support of the international community. [96] The success of the peace agreement will be measured not only by the resumption of armed conflict, but also by the question of whether ordinary Colombians, who have suffered from conflict for decades, feel they are now living in peace. The peace agreement promised that the state would rebuild its infrastructure and provide security and security services. Do you think the agreement has improved their lives? Our research finds that while they believe in their concepts and goals, they are not sure that they are being achieved quickly and successfully. The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) acted as an independent mediator during the peace talks and provided logistical support. In addition to transporting FARC negotiators to peace talks in Havana, the ICRC has also participated in several hostage rescue operations and conducted rescue operations for FARC fighters and Colombian soldiers. [94] Peace talks were officially initiated on 18 October 2012 in Oslo, Norway and transferred in November to their permanent site in Havana. [27] The speech of farc chief negotiator Ivén Mérquez at the initiation of dialogues in Oslo last October was interpreted by the Colombian media as being unexpectedly radical for its provocative tone against the government, mentioning issues excluded from the agenda (economic model, foreign investment, military doctrine, mines, land ownership) and defending armed struggle. [28] And yet those who have gone through the conflict still support the peace agreement and its objectives. In Tolima and Arauca, we find that most people are either somewhat satisfied or satisfied with the provisions of the agreement, with the exception of the integration of the FARC into the political system. While ordinary citizens have not yet seen the benefits in their communities, they seem ready to give the peace process a chance. But how long remains an unresolved question.

If people withdraw their support, it will be difficult, if not impossible, for the government to continue to implement the agreement. This would jeopardize the entire peace process. The Chilean and Venezuelan governments served as observers during the peace talks. The peace process has also been supported by a number of other Latin American governments, such as Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, Ecuadorian President Rafael Correa and Bolivian President Evo Morales. [4] The country`s highest court has ruled in favour of the government`s “fast track” plan to implement the agreement quickly. The government can pass through Congress faster than usual the laws needed to pass through Congress the country`s peace agreement with Marxist FARC rebels. [87] [88] After the end of the ceasefire, both sides had small dreams of peace: Santos ordered that the guerrillas killed in combat be identified and returned to their families, while the FARC reaffirmed their willingness to maintain the negotiations.